Sensitive Skin now affects 1 in 2 people, making it a common skin concern. Everyone has heard of sensitive skin, but what defines it?
First, sensitive skin is not a skin type. Sensitivity can affect any skin type, from oily and acne-prone teenage skin to dry and mature skin.
Second, it doesn’t show severe skin irritation, like eczema or psoriasis, and mostly looks normal.
The skin is our largest and, at the same time, our most sensitive organ. It reacts sensitively to touch and various influences – both outside and inside. However, if the skin is susceptible, this can have multiple causes. Recognizing these and correctly interpreting the symptoms will help you find the right care products to reduce the signs of sensitive skin.
What Is Sensitive Skin?
It is not skin on its own, as all skin can show signs of sensitivity. The natural skin protection barrier is usually particularly gentle and lacks essential protective lipids and moisture. Due to the limited function of the protective barrier, the skin is increasingly prone to sensitive and allergic reactions. But how does this happen? First, it is necessary to understand the skin as our largest organ, its functions, and its natural protective mechanisms.
The Skin Microbiome
The skin is the body’s largest organ and accounts for about 5 kg of our weight. Therefore, it surrounds the entire body and is a kind of connection between inside and outside. It must fulfil a certain protective function provided by the so-called skin barrier to do this. The so-called microbiome makes up part of the skin barrier.
The microbiome forms an ecosystem on the skin’s surface and thus contributes to the protection of the skin. It comprises a large number of individually composed microorganisms that surround the skin and support it with their protective properties. If the microbiome remains weakened due to stress or environmental influences, the skin becomes more vulnerable and can be prone to sensitivity.
How Do I Recognize Sensitive Skin And What Types Are There?
It is often visible to the naked eye, but not always. It is not uncommon for it to be more of a subjective feeling. Different forms of sensitive skin can occur and become noticeable through various signs and side effects. We have summarized some of the most frequently reported symptoms for you.
Dry And Sensible Skin
It is often associated with dry skin. It is prone to redness, feelings of tension, itching or burning. Dry skin can also feel rough and flaky. In some cases, the dry skin areas can also be gentle to pain due to the lack of moisture.
Itching On Sensitive Skin
One of the most mutual triggers for itching is dry skin. In addition, itching in combination with dry skin is often a key symptom of skin concerns such as neurodermatitis or psoriasis. Diabetes can also cause itchy skin. It is usually due to fluid loss from high blood sugar levels.
Sensitive Skin To The Touch
In gentle to touch, the nerve endings are highly sensitive and remain adequately protected by the skin. They react to harmless stimuli and send pain signals to the brain. The causes for this are primarily neuronal concerns triggered by operations, diabetes or shingles, for example. The skin hurts, burns, stings, or presses with various stimuli, especially with clothing or wind contact. When touched, the signs of sensitive skin are widespread on the arms and legs and the back and abdomen.
Sensitive Skin – What Make-Up?
Sensitive skin, contrary to popular belief, can be made up. Make-up can precisely make it possible to fade any redness. Here again, you have to opt for gentle products specifically formulated for optimal tolerance of the epidermis, which you will apply without ever rubbing the skin.
What Products And Ingredients Favor For This Type Of Skin?
It requires a very high tolerance for gentle care. Ingredients are particular and require an adapted formulation with a rigorous selection of the components. The goal? Avoid potential irritation or severe skin reactions. The active ingredients must instantly soothe irritations, intensely nourish the skin and provide a feeling of comfort.
Therefore, we will favor moisturizing agents such as glycerin combined with film-forming agents to limit the evaporation of skin water. It is also necessary to repair the skin barrier thanks to improving agents such as fatty acids, nourishing oils, and very moisturizing active ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, recognized for these repairing effects.
Sensitive Skin – It is hyper-reactive skin prone to tingling, burning, tingling and itching, sometimes accompanied by redness. These feelings of discomfort appear exacerbated in reaction to stimuli that would not trigger irritation on normal skin.