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Cosmetic surgery – Definition, Types and Uses, Different, And More

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Cosmetic surgery – Definition

Cosmetic surgery is a plastic surgery that aims to improve a person’s appearance, but it should be approached with caution. procedures carried out in the United States in 2013, increasing 3 per cent in the previous year.

Procedures are available for almost any part of the body, but the choice to undergo cosmetic surgery should not be taken lightly. The results are often permanent, so it is essential to be sure about the decision, use an appropriate practitioner, and have the right motivation.

A surgeon may refer a patient for counselling before surgery if they believe an underlying problem that the surgery cannot solve or if the patient shows signs of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD).

BDD can cause a person to perceive something seriously wrong with their appearance when objective evidence suggests otherwise.

Reconstructive surgery is another type of plastic surgery. It aims to improve function and give a normal appearance to a part of the person’s body that has been damaged, for example, after a mastectomy. This article will focus on cosmetic surgery only.

Types and Uses of Cosmetic Surgery

A variety of aesthetic procedures is available for different parts of the body.

The most common plastic surgery procedures

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, the most common cosmetic procedures (invasive and minimally-invasive) are listed here by their common or descriptive names. The medical term for the process is in parentheses:

Breast augmentation or enlargement. Breast implant removals

 Buttock lift

Chin, cheek, or jaw reshaping. Dermabrasion

Eyelid lift. Facelift. Forehead lift. Hair replacement or transplantation

Lip augmentation. Liposuction, Lower body lift

Nose reshaping, Thigh lift, Tummy tuck, Upper arm lift, Botox injections

Cosmetic plastic surgery may be an excellent option for people who want to adjust their appearance and reach beauty goals. Cosmetic surgery can tighten and improve the appearance of the skin, change facial features, add or remove hair, and much more.

There are many procedures available, so here is a look at the eight most common types of cosmetic plastic surgery:

Cosmetic surgery

Breast Augmentation of Cosmetic Surgery

Breast augmentation refers to procedures that increase the size or change the shape of the breasts. When the breast size increases, the process may also be called ‘breast implant surgery. Breast augmentation is not the same as breast lifts or breast reduction, which are different procedures.

Dermabrasion in Cosmetic Surgery

Dermabrasion uses a specialized tool that gently ‘sands’ down the top layer of skin. Once the top layer of skin has been removed, the area heals, and also new skin replaces the old. The result is smoother-looking skin.

Dermabrasion is usually used for:

Acne scars

Age spots

Crow’s feet

Growths or lesions on the skin

Sun-damaged skin



Facelifts repair sagging, loose, drooping, or over repositioning contours. Neck lifts are commonly done in conjunction with facelifts.

Other procedures commonly done along with facelifts include nose reshaping, forehead lifts, or eyelid surgery.

Hair transplantation 

Hair transplantation surgery as hair restoration. Perform to improve the appearance of baldness. In this procedure, hair move from thick growth to a bald area.

In a single session, more than a thousand hairs may move. Some people may require more than one session. The hairs carried are permanent, which means that no long-term care is necessary. Most hair transplants result in successful hair growth after the procedure.

The Difference Between Plastic Surgery

Most people think that Plastic Surgery constitutes the most popularly known surgery that film artists have had so that they can retain their youthful appearance. However, even though they are closely related specialities, technically. There is a fine divide between Plastic Surgery and also Cosmetic Surgery.

The focus of Cosmetic Surgery

The goal of the Cosmetic Surgeon is to enhance a patient’s appearance aesthetically and also hence the procedures, principles, and also techniques used to focus entirely on this outcome. The goal is to improve the proportion, aesthetic appeal and symmetry of the body part on which a procedure performs.

Cosmetic Surgery Procedures include:

Body contouring – this includes Gynecomastia treatment, Liposuction and Tummy Tuck

Breast enhancement – Enlargement, Reduction and also Lifting

Facial contouring – Cheek enhancement, Chin and also Rhinoplasty

Facial rejuvenation – Browlift, Eyelid lift, Facelift and also Neck lift

Skin rejuvenation – Botox, Filler treatment and also Laser resurfacing

The focus of Plastic Surgery Procedures

The main focus of Plastic surgery is to set the correct defects to reconstruct to provide a natural appearance and also restore normal functions of the body part that is operating upon.

It defines as a surgical speciality that involves the reconstruction of facial and also body flaws due to birth, burns, diseases and trauma.

Plastic surgery aims to reconstruct and also enable dysfunctional body parts to function normally and also naturally.

Some Plastic Surgery Procedures

Burn Repair Surgery

Hand Surgery

Reconstruction of Breasts

Repair of Congenital Defects – reconstruction and also rehabilitation of cleft palate, repair of extremity defects

Reconstruction of Lower Extremities

Scar Revision Surgery

Though plastic surgery and also cosmetic surgery procedures improve a patient’s body. The overall philosophies that guide their goals. Training and also research for patients’ results are different. Each has specific goals built to envelop a distinct set of procedures.


Who doesn’t want to look good? From makeup to clothes to hair, most of us pay close attention to every aspect of our physical appearance. If you’ve ever wanted to enhance your looks or permanently get rid of a patch or scar, the thought of cosmetic surgery has likely crossed your mind.

Cosmetic or plastic surgery involves surgical reconstruction, restoration, or any form of alteration of the human body. This can safely perform on people of all ages – a child with congenital disabilities, an older person with signs of ageing, or even a young adult with a scar from an injury.

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